Advocating Self Advocacy



Parents having children with hearing impairment are extra cautious around them. The need to be around their children and ensure that no harm comes to them is but natural. However an important fact to keep in mind is that children with any kind of impairment need to be taught to lead normal lives. The fundamental reason behind going for hearing aids or cochlear implants is to enable such children to live fairly independent, normal and regular lives.

This fundamental reasoning is lost if the parents are forever hovering around the child and helping them do basic things. The child needs space to grow and to handle situations by himself. This is possible only if we teach them self advocacy right from the beginning.

What is self advocacy? Self advocacy literally means ‘the action of representing oneself or one’s views or interests.’ Being able to do things independently will give your child a sense of purpose and worthiness.

Self advocacy helps them gain awareness of personal preferences, likes, dislikes, strengths, interests, potential and limitations. It helps them differentiate between wants and needs. It helps them make choices and consider multiple options after calculating the consequences of their actions.

The following points will help you understand the importance of self advocacy and how it will help your child gain confidence to face any situation head on.

Teach them the basics:

Children can be taught the basic workings of their hearing aids or Cochlear Implants and should also be able to recognise when the battery runs out or gets disconnected. Children going to play school (age 2.5yrs-3yrs) can be taught to inform if their device is not working. This differentiation will help them reach out and report to adults as soon as they sense something wrong.

Start Early:

There is no such thing as ‘too early’. Start developing self-advocacy skills in your child as early as possible.

As they grow older children (age 4yrs to 5yrs) should be taught to be more expressive if they fail to hear or understand something. They should be able to judge the distance required to hear better. They should be able to clearly communicate that they require the speaker to talk softer, louder or slowly. Teach them to ask for repetitions if they have not understood something.

Being vocal will help them develop their vocabulary as well. The more words they use, the more they learn pronunciation, sounds, vocabulary and language.


In a new environment, the child must have the confidence to walk up to an adult and inform them about his or her needs.

They should be able to explain to the teacher and find the right spot to sit in class. A shy child might find it difficult to do so, but make them understand that they need to speak up for themselves if they have to learn in class.

Most importantly the child should be made to understand that the hearing aid or Cochlear Implant is meant to help them function like regular children and should not be taken as a mark or symbol of any disability. It is their friend and should be treated as one.

Seeking Help:

If communication is important, then asking for help is equally important. The child should be made to understand that asking for help is not wrong. Asking for help will not lead to them being mocked or laughed at. They can confide in friends and ask them for notes or updates if they miss out on hearing the instructions or lectures in class. This confiding will strengthen their bonds with these friends and will make for a wonderful foundation to a long lasting friendship too.

Mental Preparation:

In a comfortable, known environment with help from family and friends the child will be able to function normally. However, how will the child cope in a new environment without a known person to help or support? Prepare your child for such unaccounted or unplanned situations. What if the child gets separated from the parents in a mall? What if the child has to go to another school for a project or a submission? How will the child deal with such situations if he is not made aware of them in the first place? Mentally prepare your child to face such challenges. Teach him to approach people and ask for help without feeling insecure. Teach him to be confident and importantly encourage him to go out and experience the world first hand by himself.


Teach your child to keep the hearing aid or Cochlear Implant in a safe place or in the Dehumidifier when they are not wearing it. They should be taught to automatically include ‘wearing of device’ into their morning rituals once they wake up. It should be as natural as brushing teeth.

Final word:

Do understand that children with hearing impairment are like normal children but hear differently. They need to lead normal lives and enjoy all the things that regular children do. They only need a little help in hearing and that is possible with the collective cooperation and support of everyone the child comes across.

Hearing should not be a privilege, it should be a right.

Ritu Nakra





  1.  Minimise background noise
    A mainstream classroom is a usually a busy, noisy place. Children who have any degree of hearing loss may have difficulty hearing the important information when surrounded by other noises. These noises cause a masking of the important spoken information that needs to be heard. Thus background noise should be kept to a minimum.
  2. Preferential seating
    Place the student in a seat so that both ears are facing the desired sound source and away from the sources of noise such as windows, hallway, or playground, air conditioners or even talkative children.
    A seat that is either in the first row or second row and centre is preferable. This will improve the student’s opportunity to hear and listen and to observe natural body gestures and non-verbal communication.
  3.  During Group Discussions
    When group discussions are occurring, make sure only one person is speaking at a time. This can be encouraged by making a make belief mike with a pencil and who so ever gets that mike will talk.
  4.  Use of communication book
    Use the communication notebook to jot down simple comments to the family on a daily basis. Keep your remarks simple and to the point.


Make sure that you have the attention of the child. Use either his/her name or give the listening cue like “listen class”.


It is important to understand that once teacher moves away from the child, the auditory signal is diminished. If you double the distance, the signal is reduced by 6dB.


Teachers need to accept the use all of the technology that is available to assist the child with the hearing loss. It can be FM system or any other wireless accessory to improve the signal to noise ratio.


Having a classmate provide friendly support can assist in making sure that the child who has a hearing loss is engaged in all the activities.


All upcoming tests, events, assignments and announcements should be written on the board or included in the weekly agenda or newsletter that can go home every week.


Children with hearing loss often do not overhear conversations / new vocabulary etc. Where as 90% of language learnt by normal hearing children is done through incidental learning. Thus teachers must make sure that the child with hearing loss is included in conversations and the teacher checks that the child has heard it.


Parents have good knowledge of how to support their child thus giving them the new vocabulary, themes, topics and concepts to be done in the class in advance will help the child to understand in a much better and easier way in the classroom.


In matters of discipline, the student with hearing impairment needs to be treated as much like a student with normal hearing and needs to understand the rules and regulations of the classroom.


  1. Check the battery / functioning of the device. (Inform Parents)
  2. Get closer and reduce background.
  3. Instead of repeating, ask the child,” what did you hear?”
  4. Rephrase the information or make it easier for the child to understand.
  5. Use acoustic highlighting on key words e.g “I want you to bring your English notebook.”


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